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23 April 2015

General Medical Practitioners

General Medical Practitioners (GPs)

The Problem

Our 2010 Report on General Medical Practitioners found a number of restrictions on competition among GPs in Ireland. These made it difficult for newly-established GPs to set up in practice and meant that public and private patients had fewer GP practices to choose from. This in turn meant that GP practices were under less pressure to compete on price for private patients, or to be innovative in the services they provide.

We found serious problems with the manner in which the General Medical Services (GMS) contracts for GPs operated. The system favoured existing GP practices and protected them from competition from newly-qualified GPs. We also found problems  with regard to advertising by GPs (which was, until 2009, severely restricted) and with aspects of the GP training programme (which required doctors who had completed relevant hospital-based training, and who subsequently received a place on a GP training programme, to repeat training they had already completed).

We made seven recommendations for change to address the above problems.

The Response

All of our recommendations for change have now been acted on.
In March 2012, the Government passed the Health (Provision of General Practitioner Services) Act which removed restrictions on GPs who wish to treat public patients (

The Act provides that:
Access to GMS contracts is now open to all fully qualified and trained GPs.
GPs are free to establish a practice and treat public patients in the location of their choice.
The viability of existing GP practices in an area is no longer a factor in awarding GMS contracts.
GPs who received a GMS contract under the 2009 interim entry provisions are free to accept any patient who chooses to attend them, including existing medical card holders who wish to transfer from another practice.
Time limits which previously existed in relation to the dissolution of GP partnerships have been abolished.

By November 2012, 97 GPs had been granted a GMS contract under the new scheme and a further 33 applications were being processed.
In November 2009, the Medical Council significantly eased restrictions on advertising by GPs ( The Irish Medical Organisation now recommends that all doctors display price lists.

The Irish College of General Practitioners (ICGP) has developed an Alternative Route to MICGP qualification. The programme is aimed at doctors currently working in general practice in Ireland, who have not undergone accredited training in general practice and who wish to apply for inclusion on the specialist register of the Medical Council. Applications for the 2013 programme are open until 23 July 2013.
Updated June 2013
Further information: Deirdre McHugh
Tel: 01-8045466

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Date Printed: 25 November 2015

© The Competition Authority 2015